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The thumbnail of the first episode.

Alternate History: World War 1 ~ THE MOVIE, also known as Royal Mapping's World War 1, is an Alternate History of Europe mapping series stylized as a movie created by Royal Mapping. The first episode was released on November 12, 2018, to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the end of the First World War, and the third and final episode was released on June 28, 2019.

While there is no one point of divergence from our own timeline, Royal Mapping's World War 1 imagines a timeline in where the politics of Europe are even more fragmented and tense than our own.

The series has been praised by many for its graphics and story and is stated to be some of the best examples of character development in mapping. The finale was also given widespread praise for its plot twists and satisfying conclusion.

Royal Mapping's World War 1's original cut received some criticism for the inclusion of virtually everything in the end of Part 3. Nibiru suggested ending the series with the final reveal of Italy, which became known as the George Cut and became officially canon.


Part 1

Militaristic Lobbying

The map of Europe in 1910.

In 1910, Italy and Germany get into a conversation about the goals of the Triple Alliance. Italy attacks the German stance that the alliance should be a purely defensive pact, and claims that the agreement should be offensive and help each member nation achieve each other's goals. After a little persuasion, Germany agrees with the aggressive stance. Austria-Hungary, however, does not express approval and calls the Italians reckless.

The Ottoman Empire invades and annexes Crete to prove to itself that its influence is still large. Greece detects this and informs Serbia. Serbia immediately suggests informing Russia, yet this proposal is met with some backlash by Greece. Soon after, however, Greece allows the action, but gives their solemn warning for any future consequences.

France approaches Russia for a military alliance directed at Germany, yet at the same time, Serbia informs Russia of the Ottoman takeover of Crete. Russia is annoyed by both countries talking at the same time, and after they both finish explaining, Russia states that they can only aid one of the two in their cause, as the past winter was brutal on the nation. They then go on to state that Germany poses a far greater threat to Russia than a takeover of Crete that may not even be factual in nature. France and Russia strengthen their alliance by creating the alliance known as the Outer Powers, while Greece and Serbia debate what their action should be now that they have been turned down by the Russians. Serbia wishes to further attack the Ottomans directly, while Greece wants to remain passive for the time being. After an argument, Greece breaks off relations with Serbia.

Tensing of European Relations

The map of Europe in 1911.

In 1911, Austria-Hungary plans a reformation into an ethnically federalized state. Italy privately suggests to Germany that Austria-Hungary is a "weak link" in the Triple Alliance and should be ousted from it entirely. Germany immediately defends Austria-Hungary, and Italy further insinuates that a war on Austria-Hungary would be beneficial. Germany lashes out at Italy, calling him a psychopath, and tells Italy that they plan to inform Austria-Hungary about the suggestion. Italy advises that Germany does not do so, as they claim that the Germans need Italy more than Austria-Hungary. Germany argues against this, and Italy simply continues to iterate their point.

After losing Greece as an ally, Serbia approaches Bulgaria and the pair discuss the Ottoman Empire, realizing that they have similar wishes on the matter. Serbia notifies Bulgaria of an assassination scheme the Serbs have in place to fund radical locals to shoot Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin, heir to the Ottoman throne, on April 4 during a scheduled visit to Skopje. The Serbs then predict the Ottomans to retaliate and attack Serbia, and the world to defend Serbia as they believe the Ottomans to be the aggressors. Bulgaria sanctions the plan, and Serbia goes into the planning stage. Bulgaria secretly informs the Ottomans about the plan off-screen.

The United Kingdom expresses its discontent about the weakening of the British Empire and debates the pros and cons of staying neutral or joining the next European war.

Italy notifies Germany that an alliance with the Ottoman Empire has been brokered. Germany asks Italy why they have chosen the Ottoman Empire, as their deterioration over time contradicts with the Italian idea of gaining a stronger link. Italy defends the Ottoman's strength, and they are admitted into the Triple Alliance.

Assassination Attempt on Prince Yusuf

On April 4, 1911, a decoy of Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin was assassinated by Macedonians secretly hired by Serbia during a visit to Skopje. The Ottoman Empire immediately blames Serbia, but publicly lies about the double and claims that the real Prince Yusuf is dead. After a tense dialogue with Serbia, the Ottomans reveal the assassination attempt was unsuccessful and only the decoy was killed. They reveal that the Bulgarians had fed them information about the plan, and thus Prince Yusuf remained in Istanbul. The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria declare war on Serbia, and they soon occupy the entire country, and Russia privately shows some sympathy to the Serbian cause.

Bulgaria then reminds the Ottomans of an agreement that the pair made that, in the event of a war with Serbia, Bulgaria would annex some land in Thrace and Macedonia. The Ottoman Empire pretends that no deal was ever made, and Bulgaria realizes that they were wrong to betray Serbia, who becomes a puppet state of the Ottoman Empire.

Austrian November Reforms

Austria-Hungary reforms into the Greater Austrian Federation, a federal republic made of Austria (which will be referred to as the Austrian state forward for simplicity), Hungary, Bohemia, Slovakia, Galicia, Transylvania, Carinola, Croatia, and Bosnia. Italy complains that Tyrol and Trieste are not autonomous, and after a little discourse, Italy asks Austria to create a referendum asking the Italians in Austria whether they would;

  1. Keep the status quo and remain in the Austrian state and Carinola.
  2. Create a state inside of the Greater Austrian Federation specifically governed by Italians.
  3. Secede from the Greater Austrian Federation entirely and be annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.

Austria immediately shoots this opportunity down, claiming it is too dangerous for them. Germany stands up to Italy and defends Austria, yet Austria agrees with the Italian argument and allows for Tyrol and Trieste to have a referendum. However, the Austrians state that they have no intention to relinquish any territory. Italy applauds them on their decision, while Germany claims that the referendum is potentially a trap. Germany almost reveals the fact that Italy suggested an invasion of Austria, yet they hesitate and decide against it at the last moment.

Further Instability

The map of Europe in 1912.

Bulgaria begins to regret betraying the Serbians to the Ottomans, and reasons that while the Serbians were certainly radical in their actions, the Ottomans are far worse, and that such ends would justify the means.

The United Kingdom detects that Germany is attempting to stir a rivalry with the British, and thinks that in the event of a war, the Outer Powers would be no match to the Triple Alliance. Thus, the United Kingdom decides to engage in isolationism and wait until the powers of Europe tire themselves out before swooping in for the lions share of the spoils.

The Tyrol and Trieste referendum ends with 6% voting for keeping the status quo, 48% for creating a new state, and 46% for secession. Italy claims that the referendum was rigged, yet Austria ignores this and gives Tyrol and Trieste statehood. Tyrol and Trieste express gratitude at statehood, and the pair thank Italy for their help. Italy, however, still tells Trieste that they are not yet free. Trieste claims that all they wanted to be were equal to the rest of the republics inside of Austria, whereas Italy says that they can be so much more, while keeping the exact specifics a secret. Trieste expresses interest, and Italy begins secretly planning.

Bulgaria begs Russia for an alliance. After Russia complains about the fact that Serbia too wished for an alliance, Bulgaria iterates that this alliance would not be tangible and militaristic; simply that the Bulgarians support Russia and would aid them in any conflict. Russia does not trust Bulgaria, but Bulgaria insists there are no secret agendas in the agreement. Russia eventually thanks Bulgaria for their support.

Strasburg Accords and the Ottoman November Reforms

Alsace-Lorraine resistance fighters begin to wear down Germany, and they complain to Austria about the situation. Austria then admits that they too had such problems before the Austrian November Reforms. Germany decides to give the region more autonomy, and immediately Italy warns them of the coming consequences; that the French will keep rebelling for more and more. They advise Germany to wait and see how the Greater Austrian Federation fares politically before taking drastic action. Germany ignores them and gives Alsace-Lorraine more autonomy.

France protests that Germany did not cede Alsace-Lorraine to France. After a spat, Russia asks France to control themselves better. Russia goes on to claim that with or without help from the French, a war with the Triple Powers would result in their capitulation. Observing mutually assured destruction, Russia claims that any small action could potentially set off the flames of war, and openly regrets to forming the Outer Powers.

In November 1912, the Ottoman Empire abolishes the Ottoman Constitution of 1876 and dismantles the General Assembly. The Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed V, is replaced by his son Yusuf, and the Ottoman Empire reforms into an absolute monarchy.

Nationalism in Austria

The map of Europe in 1913.

In 1913, Trieste and Tyrol state their disapproval with mere statehood inside the Greater Austrian Federation. Austria then questions Italy about their influence over Tyrol and Trieste, and after a while, Austria relinquishes control of the two states and cedes them to Italy, claiming they are more of a headache than anything else.

Bohemia then discusses the recent fate of Tyrol and Trieste to Slovakia, who is jealous over how easy it was for the Italians to gain self-governance. Galicia argues that the Italians only succeeded because they were backed by their nation state and that a bid for independence would not fare well for them. Bohemia counter argues with the fact that every state in the federation outnumber Tyrol and Trieste and could convince Austria to take action, yet Galicia is not convinced and even expresses being content with statehood in Austria. However, after hearing the joys of independence, Slovakia convinces Galicia that no matter how hard the fight, independence is always worth fighting for.

The three begin planning independence, and Galicia suggests forming armed militias to help ensure this goal. Bohemia, however, suggests that a coup is not entirely out of the question as thousands of Bohemians, Slovakians, and Galicians already serve in the Austrian forces. Slovakia strongly opposes this as they fear intelligence will be spread to Austria before any action is taken. Bohemia claims that the coup will not be planned; a simple assassination enough to trigger the military to perform the coup. Galicia reminds Bohemia that Serbia attempted a nearly identical plan that ended in failure, yet Bohemia blames the failure on Bulgaria betraying the Serbs. Galicia then argues that there may be a spy in the ongoing plans as well, yet Bohemia and Slovakia both assure Galicia that they have no intention to betray the plans. Galicia cannot argue with this, and the plans for an assassination where Franz Ferdinand will visit Prague in under a month from the planning. They then predict Austria to brutally rarck down on Bohemia, and that, with a plea, the Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, and Ukrainians will aid Bohemia as well as their own nation.

Dissolution of the Austrian Federation

Belgium and the Netherlands discuss the growing instability and the potentiality of a war. Belgium then confides in the Netherlands that they believe both Germany and France would prefer to bypass their direct borders and invade each other through the Low Countries. The Netherlands advises Belgium to pick a side, yet Belgium is not willing to sacrifice their honor by participating in war.

Franz Ferdinand is shot point blank in Prague during his visit. Bohemia confesses to orchestrating the murder, and then they complain to Austria about how they still are not independent. Then, to Bohemia's surprise, Austria simply imprisons the assassin, as they immediately recognize Bohemia's plans to demonize Austria in the event that they were to crack down on the Bohemians. Slovakia immediately suggests a coup, yet Bohemia continues to further agitate Austria by planning a Polish uprising in Germany with help from Galicia.

The map of Europe in 1914.

Austria is infuriated with Bohemia, despite Germany eventually putting down the Poles. They begin massacring the Bohemians, and so Slovakia and Galicia rise up against Austria. Germany begs for Austria to halt their attack, yet Austria claims that they would not abandon their crusade against the enemy of Germany; their brother. However, the Austrians are eventually pushed back to the point where the military surrenders. The Austrian Federation is then dissolved, and all nine Austrian states are given independence as well as Vojvodina.

Italy apologizes to Germany about Austria, yet Germany eventually realizes that they should have heeded the advice given to them by Italy to avoid the fate of the Austrians. They ask for assistance, and Italy advises them to reassert its direct dominance over Alsace-Lorraine. It also drafts a declaration that become known as the Sicherheit Reforms that condemns all French peoples in Alsace-Lorraine or anyone sympathizing with the French cause to detainment camps, and any opposition to the German authority to be immediately executed, and sends it to Germany. After hesitation, Germany ratifies it. France immediately declares war on Germany.

The United States of America expresses interest in the state of affairs in Europe.

Part 2

French Invasion of Alsace-Lorraine

The map of Europe after the French invasion of Alsace-Lorraine.

France immediately begins pushing into Alsace-Lorraine. Germany berates France for their declaration of war, and while France believes the end shall justify the means, Germany disagrees. Italy, the Ottoman Empire, and Serbia all declare war on France. France reminds Russia that they are contractually obligated to join the war, due to the Outer Powers Pact. Russia, although highly against doing so, reluctantly joins the war.

Germany and Italy discuss their plans for the war. Italy explains how France and Russia are "two very different beasts"; France is trigger-happy and extremely aggressive, yet lacks the manpower to defeat Germany, while Russia is feeble and reluctant to fight, yet could defeat Germany in a war of attrition. Italy acknowledges the fact that abusing the Italian strategic ability would be the best chance of winning the war, and admits to Germany that they are indeed the patriarch of the Triple Alliance. They then tell Germany to send the brunt of their force on the Eastern Front, as Russia was likely to collapse, especially due to the ottomans pushing into the Caucasus. Then they were to redirect their troops to France. Germany agrees.

Bulgarian-Ottoman War

Bulgaria prepares for an invasion of the Ottoman Empire. Greece wishes them luck, yet refuses to aid them. Bulgaria attempts to persuade Greece by explaining how they will be surrounded by the Ottomans, yet Greece ignores their warning. Bulgaria declares war on the Ottoman Empire, vowing revenge for Serbia's sake.

Russia thanks Bulgaria for their declaration, not particularly for military support, but for a moral one. France concurs, yet insults Russia by claiming they whine too much, as opposed to Bulgaria, who did their duty without complaining. They continue to go back and forth for a while, yet Russia eventually tires of arguing and asks what their plan of attack should be. France tells them to strike immediately before Germany can recover from the shock of a two-front war. Germany agitates, yet Italy tells them not to worry, as their best men would be arriving in Russia soon.

The map of Europe after the Bulgarians pushed the Ottomans back.

While the Ottomans are impressed with Bulgaria's nobility, they laugh at the daftness of the declaration, despite Bulgaria accepting that their chances of success are extremely low. The Ottomans commit such atrocities against the Bulgarian people during their invasion that the word "genocide" is coined to refer to the acts after Russia inquired about why Bulgaria was horrified. Bulgaria begins to push the Ottomans back.


No. Upload Date Length Views
1 November 12, 2018 43:28 36,908
2 January 7, 2019 39:05 26,258
3 June 28, 2019 37:00 11,842

The first episode was released to celebrate Remembrance Day. The series took over seven months to complete and has a total watch time of 1:59:33.

See Also

External Links